Exotic Pet Wonderland

Red Foxes

Content Image
A photo of a wild type red fox looking up at the camera
a photo of a red fox standing on a wooden platform inside a fox enclosure in the woods at fox rescue in tennessee
Red Fox  Classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Family: Canidae
Genus: Vulpes
Species: Vulpes
Scientific Name

Vulpes vulpes

Conservation status

Least Concern


3-4 years in the wild

12 years in captivity

Body size

8-15 lbs
15-18 inches at the shoulder

Native habitat

The red fox thrives in many diverse habitats like woodlands, grasslands, and even urban areas. The red fox can be found all across Eurasia, as well as most of North America and some parts of North Africa. The red fox has also been introduced to Australia, where it is considered an invasive species


Red Foxes mainly eat small rodents, rabbits, game birds, small reptiles, invertebrates, and sometimes even young goats or sheep if they are easily accessible. Fruit and vegetable matter is also a small portion of a red fox’s diet, but they don’t eat them as often. 

Foxy Fun Facts!

Red foxes can run nearly 30 mph!

Red foxes come in four main colors in the wild: red, silver, cross, and albino

Due to fur farms and hobby breeders, there are now over 7o red fox color morphs

Red foxes have whiskers on both their face and legs to help them navigate

It is thought that red foxes use the Earth’s magnetic field to hunt prey

Red foxes can identify each other’s voices and have been found to make 12 different sounds

Red Foxes are the largest member of the 12 true foxes!

Apart from their size, a red fox is distinguished from other fox species by it’s ability to adapt quickly to new environments. Because of this, red foxes are a very wide spread species.

In the wild, red foxes will usually live together in pairs or small family groups in underground dens. These fox dens can be between one to eight feet underground, and up to 56 feet long with multiple entrances and exits.

Female red foxes are called vixens, and males are called dogs or todds. Baby foxes are usually referred to as kits, but are sometimes called cubs or pups as well. Red foxes only have kits once a year in the spring, and generally have between 4-6 kits, although litters can be as large as a dozen or so in rare cases.
Vixens are very good mothers and will not leave the kits for the first 2-3 weeks, during which time her mate will care for her. 

Sadly red foxes normally have short lives in the wild, with the majority normally living three to four years. The predators of the red fox include coyotes, gray wolves, eagles, bears, mountain lions. However the main predators of the red fox are humans.