Procyon pygmaeus

Author: Nessie O'Neil

Meet the Cozumel Raccoon

Cozumel Raccoon Classification

Class: Mammalia

Order: Carnivora

Family: Procyonidae

Genus and Species: Procyon Pygmaeus

A photo of a mother and baby cozumel dwarf raccoon

Rad Raccoon Facts!

A photo of a mother and baby cozumel dwarf raccoon

Critically Endangered

6-8 lbs

23-32 inches long


The Cozumel raccoon, as its name suggests, lives exclusively on the island of Cozumel of the coast of Quintana Roo in Mexico. These pygmy raccoons mainly reside in mangrove forests and sandy wetlands. Cozumel Raccoons are also spotted occasionally in semi-evergreen forests and agricultural lands. 

The diet of the Cozumel raccoon, like other types of raccoons, is determined by the food available in its habitat. This means that the Pygmy raccoon’s diet comprises native fruits and other vegetation, crustaceans, insects, and lizards. 

Very little is known about these critically endangered raccoons

The Cozumel raccoon, also known as the pygmy raccoon, is a critically endangered species. There only around 192 adult pygmy raccoons remaining on the entire planet. Furthermore, they are only found in one location: the island of Cozumel of the coast of Quintana Roo in Mexico.

Cozumel raccoons are marked similarly to the common raccoon, however, they are easy to distinguish due to their broad black throat and golden yellow tail. The main difference in the Cozumel raccoon’s appearance, however, is their size.  Adults range from 23-32 inches in length, and weigh around 6-8lbs. 

The tourism industry is the number one threat to Cozumel raccoons, and there is no protected land for these rare animals. Unfortunately, there is very little research on the subject of the pygmy raccoon. Because of this, not much else is known about them. There are currently no laws protecting Cozumel raccoons. Despite the species being so close to extinction, there are no Cozumel raccoons in zoos.

Exotic Pet Wonderland is passionate about the conservation of all Procyonids, and is actively looking for ways to ensure the survival of Cozumel/Pygmy raccoons. Please reach out to us if you are a researcher studying Cozumel Raccoons, or if you work in the tourism and hospitality industry in Cozumel and are interested in finding ways wildlife conservation can coexist with tourism. You can best reach us regarding this topic by emailing our Registrar at

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